Cells, from which a human being is born are called stem cells. Every such cell copies itself many times, which leads to appearance of an embryo. In nine months, a completely viable fetus appears out of these cells.
Human body contains an enormous number of cells, however, among those ordinary cells only a few of them are stem cells.
Scientists have discovered a unique mechanism of cell ageing. When copied, cell DNA folds into a structure called a “chromosome”. At the ends of chromosomes certain parts were discovered, which were named telomeres and looked like protective caps. With each copy of the chromosome, telomeres get shorter. When their length decreases to zero, a cell they are protecting dies. Scientists call this effect a “genetic clock”.
Scientists have proven that the longest telomeres can be found in young specimen. Older the human – shorter the telomeres. Because of that, it is possible to determine the real, biological age of a human.
However, these biological clocks are stopped in stem cells, which is why telomeres in them are the longest of all. Which is why when a stem cell copies itself, while decreased in length, their telomeres are longer than in usual cells.
If there are enough these cells in any given organ, it does not age.
After conducting numerous studies, scientists have found a direct link between telomere shortening in humans and an increased risk for many diseases. To combat ageing and related diseases, therapy involving patient’s own autologous stem cells is used. First, a sample of patient’s blood is retrieved. Then, autologous stem cells are grown in amounts, necessary for a rejuvenating effect. Stem cells are then transported from the lab back to the clinic, where they are injected back into the patient’s bloodstream. The procedure is safe and easy. Then, the cells are transported across the organism to organs that need them.
Inside the body, they act in two ways. First, they produce specific molecules that have a massive stimulating effect on the entire body. Then, stem cells move to the specific organs in need of regeneration.
Every damaged organ produces inflammation molecules into the bloodstream. Stem cells recognize these molecules and seek these damages. Whenever stem cells find them, they stop and begin to replicate themselves. Replication continues for as long as the organ needs to repair itself. After the regeneration, organ in question gets new copies of cells with longer telomeres, thus rejuvenating its cell structure.
This way not only ageing is stopped but a person is cured of many other diseases.